Piano – Middle C Position

Hand Placement For Middle C Position

Middle C position is usually one of the first hand placement configurations that beginning piano students learn.  Most beginners start taking lessons with little to no prior music or note reading experience.  I have found that students make a better transition from playing songs with finger numbers to actually reading notes when they start off learning structured hand placement positions such as middle C position.  There are 88 total keys on the traditional piano keyboard for students to learn to navigate.  It’s much easier and less overwhelming to learn 10 notes at a time……especially when you’re completely new to music training.

Finger Placement
On the partial keyboard above, middle C is highlighted in green.  The right hand plays the notes to the right of middle C while the left hand plays the notes to the left.  The numbers on the piano keys correspond to one of your 5 fingers.

  • Finger #1:  Thumb
  • Finger #2:  Index
  • Finger #3:  Middle
  • Finger #4:  Ring
  • Finger #5:  Pinkie

This finger numbering system applies to both hands.  What’s unique about middle C position is that both thumbs are on middle C.

Right Hand
Thumb (1) —> plays middle C (shares with the left hand)
Index Finger (2) —> plays D
Middle Finger (3) —> plays E
Ring Finger (4) —> plays F
Pinkie Finger (5) —> plays G

Left Hand
Thumb (1) —> plays middle C (shares with the right hand)
Index Finger (2) —> plays B
Middle Finger (3) —> plays A
Ring Finger (4) —> plays G
Pinkie Finger (5) —> plays F

You may also find these links helpful:
Piano C Position
Piano G Position
Correct Playing Posture
Parts of The Piano
Piano Pedals



Correct Piano Posture

pianopostureIt’s just as important to practice sitting correctly at the piano as it is to practice playing your  music.   Correct piano posture will help alleviate body aches and will also help with the proper execution of your playing technique.

Problems Caused By Bad Posture
-Poor circulation
-Diminished flexibility
-Decreased stamina
-Numbness or tingling sensations in your extremities
-Chronic shoulder, neck and back pain
-Stiffness in your joints

Sitting At The Piano
Until good playing posture becomes second nature to you, below is a checklist that you can mentally go through each time you sit down to practice:

  • The piano bench needs to squarely face the piano and should be centered around middle C.
  • Make sure you are sitting nice and tall.  Avoid slouching as it can cause unnecessary strain in your back and shoulders.
  • Your arms should hang comfortably and loosely from the shoulders.  Hunching your shoulders will cause them to ache from the tension.
  • As a general rule, your knees should be slightly under the keyboard and your feet flat on the floor.  This may not be a comfortable position for those of larger stature.  If this is your situation, you will probably need to scoot the bench back a little further from the piano.

Placement Of The Arms and Feet
In a seated position at the piano, the forearms should be parallel to the floor.  If you find that your elbows are significantly lower than your wrists, then the height of the piano bench should be adjusted up.  If you don’t have an adjustable bench, you can experiment with sitting on top of seat cushions until your torso is at the right height for the forearms to reach the parallel position.  Conversely, if you find that your elbows are significantly higher than your wrist level, then you should adjust the bench height down or find a lower chair.

The average adult will be able to sit at the piano with his or her feet touching the floor.  Since the right foot will be used to press the damper pedal, you can sit with this foot slightly forward.  For younger children who are uncomfortable with their feet dangling in mid-air, a foot stool or stack of books can be placed under their feet.


You may also find these links helpful:
Music Terms & Symbols For Pianists
Suzuki Method For Piano
Parts of The Piano
Piano Pedals
Piano Practice Tips

ABOUT AUDREY WILLIAMS
I am a professional musician and music teacher.  For more information, please visit my website at www.AudreyWilliamsMusic.com.  You can listen to samples of my music by clicking HERE.



Piano Practice Tips For Intermediate & Advanced Music

A lot of the information in this post is similar to my prior entry about cello practice tips.  The mental process that one goes through to learn music on any instrument is pretty much the same even though the physical action of practicing the notes is very different.

For me, learning advanced music on the piano has always been more of a challenge than learning music of equal difficulty on the cello.  It’s just so much easier to wrap my brain around one line of complicated music as opposed to two hands playing two different complicated lines of music at the same time.  Having a systematic approach to practicing is the key to conquering any piece of piano music that you’ll ever want to play.

1. Do Some Preparation Work.
This can be done without the piano.  You should look through your music and make sure you understand what all the dynamic and style markings mean.  Take note of how these markings help to shape the overall piece.  I think it’s helpful in your interpretation of a work when you understand what the composer was trying to convey through his or her use of musical elements.

You should also visually follow the flow and road map of the music as a part of your prep work.  Are there any repeated sections…any Da Capo or Dal Segno notations……any codas?

2. Practice Each Hand Separately & Use Efficient Fingerings.  
I recommend first playing through your music a few times with each hand separately before practicing with the hands together.  This gives you the chance to focus your undivided attention on what each hand is doing individually.  This would also be the time to decide on the most efficient fingerings to use in each hand’s part.  Using standard and/or logical fingerings makes a difficult piece a little easier to manage and learn.

3. Practice Slowly Before Increasing The Speed.
You should pick a slow tempo when you decide to start practicing with both hands together.  Your brain and hands have to get acclimated to processing both parts simultaneously, so you need to start off slowly until you feel confident that both of your hands are working together as a single unit.  When the slow tempo starts to feel very comfortable, you should increase the speed in reasonable increments until you reach your goal tempo.

4. Divide The Music Into Smaller Passages.
Breaking your piano music down into smaller parts will help you set clear, measurable practice goals.  I find that I almost always have to section off my piano music to keep myself from feeling overwhelmed.  Learning smaller chunks at a time will help you feel like you’re making progress quicker because, in actuality, you are.  Most people are able to retain restricted amounts of information quicker and with greater accuracy and clarity.  After you’ve learned the first passage well, you should then move on to the next passage.  You can patch together these learned passages as you make your way through the piece of music that you’re working on.

5. Use A Metronome.
The metronome is a great practice tool.  Most come with a standard range of settings printed on the back for each of the major tempo markings.  You can use these numbers as guidelines to come up with the goal tempo for your song.  You can also use the metronome to help you remain consistent as you practice since it’s very common to unknowingly change speeds as you go back-and-forth between easy and difficult passages.

This device will help you gradually increase your technical proficiency on parts where your fingers have to move very quickly and accurately.  These technical sections in your music have to be mastered at a slow tempo first before increasing the speed.  I usually keep a running tally of conquered metronome speeds down the side of the page until I reach my goal tempo.

6.  Make Hard Passages Even Harder.
The objective here is to practice a hard passage with additional layers of complexity so that when you go back to the notes as originally written, they will feel easier to play.  This is a technique that I find easier to use with the cello, but I have used it successfully with certain piano selections.  Sometimes I will double or triple each note while staying in tempo, or I’ll syncopate eighth and sixteenth note rhythms in various ways to force my fingers to move or jump faster at a different spot each time.  You should definitely use your imagination to come up with other ways to make your music more challenging to play if you decide to employ this practice method.

You may also find these links helpful:
Music Terms & Symbols For Pianists
Suzuki Method For Piano
Parts of The Piano
Piano Pedals
Correct Piano Posture

ABOUT AUDREY WILLIAMS
I am a professional musician and music teacher.  For more information, please visit my website at www.AudreyWilliamsMusic.com.  You can hear samples of my music at Audrey’s Music Page.